When you are starting a commercial trucking company, it is crucial to understand the different types of vehicles you will be using. This way, you will also know the appropriate trucking permits that you will need to obtain.
Now, you will need to be aware of two types of trucks: oversize loads and superloads. They may sound similar, but they actually have some key distinctions. To help you better understand the differences, here is a quick guide on what sets them apart.
What Are Oversize Loads?
These trucks have a width and height greater than the standard-size truck, requiring special trucking permits to cross state lines.
Oversized loads are commonly used to carry large construction and farming equipment, such as bulldozers, combines, and cranes. They generally follow standard trucking laws and regulations, including securing the load and some traffic restrictions.
What Are Superloads?
These trucks are much larger than oversize loads. These shipments usually require extra traffic control and sometimes even the use of pilot cars to ensure safe navigation on highways and city streets. Some common examples of superload trucking include bridge beams, boilers, and large manufacturing equipment, such as an oil refinery.
Since superloads exceed the standard trucking regulations, they require more preparation beforehand. This includes getting special trucking permits from local law enforcement agencies and obtaining additional insurance coverage before transport begins.
Key Differences Between Oversize Loads and Superloads
To properly understand the difference between these two truck categories, here are some key factors to look into.
Oversize loads and superloads differ in size. Typically, any truck that is more than 8.5 feet in width, 13.5 feet in height, 53 feet in length, and 46,000 pounds in weight is categorized as an oversized load. On the other hand, freights that are over 16 feet in width, 160 feet in length, 16 feet in height, and 200,000 pounds in weight are considered superloads.
2. State Regulations
Trucking laws can vary from state to state. Depending on the size of the load, your truckers need to obtain certain permits before crossing into a different jurisdiction. In some cases, they may even need to take specific routes within your current state.
As previously mentioned, superload truckers must obtain trucking permits from local law enforcement agencies and additional insurance before they can transport their freight. Meanwhile, oversize loads usually follow standard trucking laws and regulations, so your truckers can proceed with the transport with minimal fuss.
3. Road Restrictions
Generally speaking, both these truck categories may not cross certain bridges or highways due to their size and weight, so you must plan an alternative route in advance. In addition, your truckers may need to plan for additional time on their journey, as they will take more breaks in between hauls. This is because these truck categories require extra maneuvering and rest stops due to the heavy load.
However, because of their larger size, superloads may need to secure additional traffic control and even use police escorts to navigate their routes safely.
The key difference when it comes to permits is that oversize load transportation may just need a standard trucking permit before crossing state lines. At the same time, truckers with superloads must obtain special trucking permits.
With that said, it’s important to contact your state’s truck permitting agency or use a permitting service to avoid the hefty fines and penalties for non-compliance.
Get the Necessary Trucking Permits Today!
With a keen understanding of trucking regulations and the difference between oversize loads and superloads, you can now confidently navigate your way toward getting the necessary trucking permits for your freights.